18 Literacy Strategies for Struggling Readers - Defining, Summarizing and Comparing
I've been working with teachers on learning strategies to support the literacy and comprehension skills that students commonly use across the content areas. This pdf includes 18 lessons organized in two ways: by comprehension strategy - defining, summarizing and comparing and by target reader - non-reader, word caller and turned-off reader. The lessons are designed as templates which teachers can modify to use in their specific subject areas.
There are two key elements that teachers should keep in mind when working in each skill area.
- Before the formal definition has been introduced, students should be asked to make connections between their prior knowledge and the term.
- After the term has been defined, students need activities to more deeply process the term.
- Students should be asked to make their own judgments about what’s important to them (instead of just repeating the details the teacher highlights).
- Students will be able to more readily summarize, if they are asked to share what they’ve learned with an audience other than the teacher.
- Students should develop the comparison, not simply repeat the model that we present to them.
- Student should be asked to share what they learned from the comparison.